Safety equipment management, use and maintenance

Safety tools and tools are the general term for various tools, appliances and safety protection products. In the field production, due to the safety equipment placement time is much longer than the use time, it is easy to cause damage, moisture and deformation of the safety tools during the placement, which seriously affects The safe and normal use poses a threat to the safety of operators and equipment and is not conducive to the safe and stable operation of the power grid. Therefore, in order to ensure the normal, correct and safe use of safety tools, the following five points should be achieved:

First, the test on time, promptly discarded substandard safety equipment <br> <br> each of the security apparatus in the course of the period and place are susceptible to the action of microorganisms, as well as rain, wind, sun and decadent, aging Therefore, the insulation level of the insulating part is reduced and the mechanical strength is deteriorated. In addition, due to the external force in the process of use, it is easy to cause varying degrees of damage and deformation, so that in the course of use, it is easy to cause accidents such as electric shock, fall, etc., and electric equipment damage. Therefore, each type of safety tool has a strict test standard and a scientific test cycle. If it is used outside the valid period of the test, it can easily cause personal and equipment accidents, which is not conducive to the safe and stable operation of equipment and power grids. For this purpose, it is necessary to establish and improve the safety tools and equipment ledgers (as shown in Table 1 for the safety accounting instruments), and to strengthen the management of various types of safety tools, and to specify the name, model, and use of each safety tool. Detailed information such as the test standard, test period, date of the test and date of the next test is recorded in the form of a book, and a person supervises the test on time to ensure that the availability of various types of safety tools reaches 100%. For the safety tools and tools that have exceeded the test qualification period and have been scrapped, they must be additionally managed and affixed with the warning language “Forbidden to use”. It is forbidden to stack and use them at will.

2. Safekeeping and timely scrapping of damaged safety tools

Safety tools and tools must be scientifically managed and properly stored to prevent damage due to improper use, littering, or indiscriminate placement. This will not only cause certain economic losses, but also increase the insecurity in use. Therefore, before use, be sure to carefully read the instruction manual and safety precautions, carefully check the tightness or integrity of the safety tools and equipment and test the validity period, in the use of strict compliance with the various regulatory systems and standardized operation instructions, in use Pay attention to cleaning and maintenance afterwards and store it in the designated position by the number. For the damaged safety tools, the scrapped standards must be scrapped in time. If the damage is minor, and after the test is passed, you can continue to use the management to prevent personal injury accidents from occurring due to the damage of the safety tools. .

Third, the corresponding number, it is not wrong to use

Due to the messy storage of safety tools, personnel can be mistakenly used or misused. Therefore, each production unit should have special cabinets for safety tools and equipment at the production site or the power distribution room, and have special personnel to keep it. All safety tools and tools shall be classified and stored. For similar safety tools, they shall also be managed separately according to different voltage levels and conditions of use so as to prevent misuse and misuse of the safety equipment that does not meet the requirements of use and actual safety on the site. For example, a 10kV test is used. Electrical appliances to inspect 110kV electrical equipment will not only damage the electroscope, but also cause casualties and equipment grid accidents. Therefore, safety tools and appliances should be classified and stored in special safety equipment cabinets according to their serial numbers. Before use, they should carefully check whether the voltage level and operating conditions are in line with the operating equipment or the actual conditions of use in the field. After use, they should be put back in place and checked. The number corresponds to prevent the next user from making mistakes because the previous user misplaced it, causing the next user to make a mistake.

Fourth, scientific management does not make the safe tools and equipment subject to moisture and deformation

Due to improper storage, safety tools and tools are prone to damp deformation, especially in the spring and autumn, and it is more likely to cause moisture and aging of the insulation of safety tools. As a result, the pressure resistance level of insulation parts is reduced, which seriously affects the safe use. Therefore, in addition to vents, the safety tool room should also be equipped with flooding equipment. If necessary, intelligent security equipment cabinets with moisture-proof, dust-proof, and loss-preventing functions should be used so that the safety tools can be kept dry for a long period of time. clean. In addition, safety tools and tools should be stored flat to avoid long-term stress caused by improper bending deformation, damage, or even broken. The safe industrial equipment that has been exposed to moisture should be allowed to dry, and can be used only after passing the test again. For the safety tools that can not be used for serious deformation, they should be disposed of in accordance with relevant regulations and procedures.

Fifth, careful use, correct use

Safety tools and tools are indispensable safety protection tools in electric power production. The so-called "defense" refers to prevention and prevention, and "protection" refers to protection and maintenance. Therefore, safety tools and equipment have played an early warning, prevention, and protection role for operators, and they have also played a good role in monitoring. However, these functions and effects must be used as a prerequisite and basis for proper use. If they are used illegally or illegally, It will not only threaten personal safety, cause damage to safety tools, but also lead to equipment and power grid accidents. Therefore, in the daily production work, safety tools and tools must be properly used in accordance with the regulations, operation procedures, and methods of use to ensure safe production. According to the on-site investigation, it was learned that the improper use of safety tools was mainly in the following situations:

1. The number of joints used for jointed insulating rods is not enough, and stretching of the retractable insulating rods is insufficient.

2. Do not use rain cover on rainy days, or the rain cover is loose, skewed or damaged.

3. Check the power when holding the electroscope above the guard ring. Before use, confirm whether the electroscope is sound or not. Check the electroscope with different voltage levels.

4. Insulating gloves do not check air tightness before use, and even grab hard and some items at will.

5. The grounding terminal of the grounding wire is not installed as required, and it is free to hang, hang and wind.

6. The seat belt is not used according to the regulations, and the looseness of the belt is arbitrary, and no safety protection can be achieved.

7. The improper adjustment of the size of the helmet liner, the lack of a cap or tie is not enough, and it is prone to be skewed and dropped during work.

8. The pliers and other tools do not check the integrity of the insulation before use. When used, they are held on exposed metal parts, which can easily cause electric shocks to workers.

In short, safe work tools are the personal bodyguards, faithful safety personnel, and patrons of life of each electric power worker. As long as everyone masters the functions, performance, and structural principles of various safety tools, they have mastered the correct methods of use. The precautions, and the strict operation, use and maintenance in accordance with the regulations, can ensure the safety of people, equipment and power grids.


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